There are several tax deduction and credit options that exist for home renovations and improvements. Make sure you’re aware of all the possibilities and incentives available to you to ensure you don't miss out.
*We are not tax professionals. As such, we can’t guarantee the information below is accurate for every person in every case. Consult your CPA or financial advisor for the most up-to-date information regarding financial advice and tax laws in your area.
Are home improvement costs tax-deductible?
Generally speaking, home renovations and improvements are not a tax-deductible expense per se.
However, there are a number of ways home improvements can be used to help minimize your tax burden, such as deductions and credits.
Choose energy-efficient improvements that reduce your footprint. These may qualify you for tax credits, which would help offset some of the costs.
You may not be able to claim Energy Star appliances or water-saving improvements, like low-flow toilets or showerheads on your federal return, but you can receive a federal tax credit for qualified improvements, like:
- roofing products
- energy-efficient heating, ventilating or cooling systems
- energy-efficient windows, doors, or skylights
- solar and non-solar water heaters
- solar energy systems
- geothermal heat pumps
- biomass stoves
- wind turbines
- fuel cells
The federal government offers two options for such tax credits, as of the 2017 tax year. The first option is the Residential Energy Efficiency Property Credit, and the second is the Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit. You can claim these credits by filing Form 5695 with your tax return.
Medically Necessary Improvements
If your home improvements are necessary due to medical reasons -- modifying bathrooms, lowering cabinets, widening hallways and doors, or installing ramps to accommodate wheelchair access -- then you may be eligible for a deduction. However, if these improvements are done exclusively to increase the value of your home, they cannot be claimed as a medical expense.
Do your home upgrades include a home office? If you have a legitimate business and you use part of your home exclusively to handle the business on a regular basis, you may be eligible for a home office deduction. If you qualify, you can deduct 100% of the cost of the improvements made to your home office.
Improvements that benefit your entire home are depreciable depending on the amount of your home that is used as an office. For example, if your home office occupies 10% of your home, and you upgrade your home’s HVAC system, 10% of the cost will be depreciated.
Similar to the home office deduction, if you rent out a portion of your home—whether a room or entire floor—the upgrades will be covered or deducted proportionately.
Home Sale Exemption
When you sell your home, you typically have to pay capital gains if you make a profit of more than $250,000. Because home improvements and renovations increase your basis—or the total amount you’ve invested—in your home, they can help keep you under the home sale exemption ($250,00 or less). In this case, you might be able to avoid paying capital gains entirely.
Even if you still have to pay capital gains, your increased basis from the home updates will reduce the portion of the sale price that’s considered taxable.
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Can home improvements be covered by my mortgage?
One of the easiest ways to reduce the burden of home improvement costs is by making improvements immediately upon purchasing the home. If your mortgage includes additional money to accommodate renovations and improvements, your “acquisition cost” for the home will include this amount.
Keep reading about home improvements:
- Most Valuable Home Improvement Projects
- Create a Home Remodeling Plan in 10 Simple Steps
- Update Your House on a Budget This Season
How do I find the right contractor for the job?
Make sure you hire the right person to handle your home updates because an update that isn't completed properly is simply a waste of money.
Hometown Demolition Contractors is the simplest and most effective way to find the right contractor for your home remodel. Let us know where your project is and a little bit about what you need to be done, and we'll send your quote request on your behalf to any interior demolition contractors qualified to do the work.
Learn more about hiring the best contractor: